Sjögren’s Syndrome: Symptoms and Treatment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Sjögren’s syndrome, the immune system attacks the exocrine glands, which are important for keeping certain organs lubricated.

Excessive white blood cells have been found around the glands in these patients.

Symptoms of Sjögren’s Syndrome

Its destruction conditions the dryness of mucous membranes and the symptomatology:

      • Dryness of the eyes will promote inflammation of the cornea.
      • Dry mouth will lead to ulcers and canker sores.
      • Vaginal dryness will affect sexual intercourse.
      • Dryness of the digestive tract will lead to discomfort when swallowing.
      • Dryness of the respiratory tract will produce dry and irritating cough.

It predominates in women over the age of 50 and is sometimes associated with other autoimmune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

It is also often associated with fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue syndrome.

The general condition of certain organs, such as the lungs and respiratory tract, kidneys and urinary tract or blood vessels, which are also frequently inflamed (vasculitis), should be checked.

Treatment

The degree of involvement varies from patient to patient and treatment should be symptomatic and as early as possible.

It is essential to drink plenty of water and saliva, artificial tears or lubricants may also help.

When important organs are affected, it will be time to prescribe corticosteroids or immunosuppressive medication, but always under medical prescription and supervision.

Our experience is limited in this disease.

With our protocols, patients with chronic generalized pain usually improve, but not the dryness of mucous membranes.


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